UPSC Exam Structure and Career.

  • UPSC conducts civil service examination every year for appointing officers to various posts such as all india services like IAS IPS and other group A and group B posts under central government.
  • This exam is conducted in the three stages by the UPSC .

Minimum qualifications and the age limit:

  • A candidate must be graduate in any discipline from the recognized university in India.
  • He/she must have attained the age of 21 years while appearing for the exam.
Sr.No. Category Age limit and relaxation Number of attempts
1 General Maximum 32 years before the 1st august of the exam year 6
2 OBC Maximum 35 years before the 1st august of the exam year 9
3 SC & ST Maximum 37 years on the 1st august of of the exam year Unlimited till the upper age limit.
4 Differently abled 42 years General and OBC = 9 attempts SC/ST= unlimited the upper age limit.
5 Jammu and Kashmir Domocile General = 37 Years
OBC = 40 Years
SC/ST = 42 Years
PH = 50 Years
Up to upper age limit
6 Disabled Servicemen disabled from duty General = 37 Years
OBC = 38 Years
SC/ST = 40 Years
Up to upper age limit

Stage 1 Civil Services Preliminary (400 marks)

  • This stage is also known as civil services aptitude test( CSAT)
  • It comprises of two papers known as CSAT I and CSAT II.
  • This is one day exam conducted generally on the first Sunday of June.
  • Paper 1 that is CSAT I consists of 100 questions of 2 marks each (Total200 marks) to be solved in 120 minutes.
  • Paper2 that is CSAT II consists of 80 questions of 2.5 marks each (Total 200 marks)to be solved in 120 minutes.
  • All questions in preliminary examination are multiple choice objective type.(MCQ type )
  • Both papers are based on 1/3rd negative marking scheme.
  • CSAT Paper II is only of Qualifying nature with minimum passing marks to be obtained are 67/200.

Stage 2 Civil Services Main Examination (1750marks)

  • Stage 2 is known as civil services main examination.
  • It comprises of total 9 papers ( 5 papers of GS,2 papers of optional subject,2 papers of languages)
  • This is five day exam conducted generally in the first week of the October month.
  • This exam is subjective in nature. Answers to the questions asked in papers are to be given in written form.
  • 5 papers of GS and 2 papers of Optional Subject are for 250 marks each ( 1750 marks) and marks obtained by the candidate here are used in final merit along with marks obtained in the interview .
  • Candidate has to choose optional subject of his choice while applying to the preliminary stage from the list of 48 subjects ( 25 Subjects + 23 literature )
  • Two language papers are for 300 marks each and are qualifying in nature.
  • Both papers are based on 1/3rd negative marking scheme.
  • For detailed syllabus Click here
    UPSC Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam:
    A candidate’s rank in UPSC Civil Service Exam depends only on the mark scored in Main and Interview. The main exam has 1750 marks while interview has 275 marks.
    The written examination (main) will consist of the following nine papers, but only 7 papers will be counted for final merit ranking. For the rest two papers, the candidate should secure minimum marks prescribed by UPSC each year.
    Qualifying Papers – Not counted for final ranking:
    • Paper ‐ A – Indian Language (One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. This paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.) 300 Marks.
    • Paper‐ B – English Language 300 Marks.
    Papers to be counted for merit ranking:
    1.GS‐I Essay – Syllabus. 250 Marks.
    2.GS‐II Paper – I – Syllabus250Marks. (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society).
    3.GS‐III Paper –II – Syllabus. 250 Marks. (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations).
    4.GS‐IV Paper –III – Syllabus 250 Marks. (Technology, Economic Development, Bio‐diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management).
    5.GS‐V Paper –IV – Syllabus 250 Marks. (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude).
    6.Paper‐VI Optional Subject – Paper 1 – 250 Marks.
    7.Paper‐VII Optional Subject – Paper 2 – 250 Marks.
    List of the Optional Subjects:
    5.Public Administration.
    8.Political Science.
    10.Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science..
    14.Civil Engineering..
    16.Electrical Engineering..
    21.Mechanical Engineering..
    22.Medical Science..
    23. Physics.
    25. Zoology.
    26.Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English..
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Stage 3 Personality test also known as interview (275 marks)

  • This is one day exam generally conducted in the month of the march and april.
  • It consists of an interview of the candidate who has cleared previous stages by an eminent panel
  • The marks obtained at this level along with that in written exam are considered for deciding the final merit of the candidate.
  • link for the syllabus of this stage.

Career after passing civil service examination.:

  • IAS
  • IFS
  • IPS
  • IRS(Income TAX/Custom & Excise)
  • And Other Group A & Group B Posts under Central Government